Abraham Rheuben was a founding member of the Hobart Synagogue. He was on the congregation's committee for several years, as reflected in his appearance in several meeting minutes.
Rheuben was transported for stealing a purse in Whitechapel. He went on to become a successful merchant in Hobart, ship owner, magistrate, justice of the peace, and alderman. His death notice in The Mercury states that he was "one of our most respected citizens".
Abraham Rheuben had ten children, all of which are in the synagogue's birth notice records. He has many Jewish descendants still living in Australia, including his "great eight times granddaughter" who was kind enough to share a thoughtful essay.
Abraham Rheuben is buried in the Jewish section of Cornelian Bay cemetery.